Background: The relationship between Universidade Federal de São Paulo and the Brazilian Cochrane Centre (BBC), which has some members as professors in the Institution, made possible the development of the first Academic League of Evidence-Based Medicine (EBML) in Brazil.
Objectives: The objective of the EBML is to allow the student make a link between issues of great medical relevance and the evidence in the literature about those issues, leading to scientific knowledge and critical appraisal as well. These two components will guide the student’s best clinical practice in the future.
Methods: The League’s activities include a weekly meeting for discussions and monthly supervised shifts in the emergency service. The topics for discussion include critical evaluation of literature, how to write scientific papers and how and where find the best evidence.
Results: Eighteen months after the League’s creation (35 meetings), the following activities were accomplished: translation of abstracts of some Cochrane Systematic Reviews, a partnership with Students 4 Best Evidence, development of five papers (methods issues and case reports) for publication, an eight-hour course of evidence-based medicine (EBM) for the local academic community, creation of a social network page to disseminate EBM and participation of EBML members in the systematic review workshops from BCC.
Conclusions: The EBML seemed to be a useful tool for dissemination of EBM among undergraduate students, for the creation of a critical scientific thought. It allowed the students to have more practice both medical and scientific, allowing them to enter their internships safer in their actions and crucially in the process of health decision-making with concepts of EBM.