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Search results: 8297

  1. Oral Cumulative network meta-analyses, practice guidelines, and actual prescriptions for post-menopausal osteoporosis: a meta-epidemiological study

    2020
    Kataoka Y, Luo Y, Chaimani A, Onishi A, Kimachi M, Tsujimoto Y, Murad MH, Li T, Cipriani A, Furukawa TA

    Background: Evidence practice gap, or the delay in incorporating research results into practices, is receiving increasing attention of clinicians and consumers alike. One of its many possible causes is a time delay between the publication of individual study results and the recommendations provided in clinical practice guidelines. Another cause may ...

  2. Poster Instruction on multiple uses of health research reporting guidelines throughout the systematic review process

    2020
    VonVille H

    Background: Authors of systematic reviews (SRs) have learned to indicate they follow the PRISMA reporting guidelines although many are not transparent nor clear in their reporting. New researchers, and especially student researchers, attempt to complete systematic reviews with little idea of the methodology, how to describe aims, or how to select dependent/independent ...

  3. Poster Patient/Caregiver oriented strategies to improve childhood immunization: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    2020
    Kumar M, Jaiswal N, Singh M, Singh M, Agarwal A, Dhatwalia SK, Pradhan P, Pant P

    Background: Childhood vaccinations are amongst the most effective health interventions. WHO estimates that over 21 million children were unvaccinated in the year 2019, with over half residing in India, Nigeria and Pakistan. Objectives: Evaluate the effectiveness of various patient/client-oriented strategies applied to boost an sustain high childhood ...

  4. Oral The majority of reporting guidelines development lack conducting the Delphi method: A systematic search of reporting guidelines

    2020
    Banno M, Tsujimoto Y, Kataoka Y

    Background: Previous guidance of reporting guidelines recommends incorporating the Delphi method, that is a method to integrate the opinions of a group of experts, for consensus in the development of reporting guidelines. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to clarify whether reporting guidelines generally perform the Delphi method, what factors ...

  5. Poster Systematic Review of Endoscopic Ultrasound guided Radiofreqency Ablation for Pancreas Tumors

    2020
    Shin H, Han H, Lee I, Jang J, Do J, Jung W, Choi J, Koh Y, Lee W, Shin C

    Background: An insulinoma is the most common functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (pNET). Increased fasting serum insulin and C-peptide assist in the diagnosis. Surgery is the standard of care for pNET. However, it can lead to complications such as diabetes mellitus. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation (EUS-RFA) is a promising ...

  6. Oral Reporting bias in imaging diagnostic accuracy studies: Are studies with positive conclusions or titles submitted and published faster?

    2020
    Treanor L, Frank R, Atyani A, Dehmoobad Sharifabadi A, Hallgrimson Z, Fabiano N, Salameh J, McGrath T, Korevaar D, Bossuyt P, McInnes M

    Background: Time-lag bias is a form of reporting bias resulting from the delayed publication of studies with ‘negative’ findings. If imaging diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) studies with negative conclusions have a delayed publication course, this may impede the ability to evaluate all evidence on a topic (e.g. in a systematic review)—potentially leading ...

  7. Poster Is evidence-based medicine a mirage in resource-constraint settings? A survey among resident doctors in selected teaching hospitals in Nigeria

    2020
    Bello S, Ajayi D, Bamgboye E, Mpama E

    Background: The adoption of evidence base medicine (EBM) in clinical practice has demonstrated effectiveness in reducing mortality, shortens hospital stay and the overall costs of patient care. Despite the strides that EBM has achieved globally, the adoption in some parts of the world is at best rudimentary. Objective: The study aimed to assess ...

  8. Poster Handwash versus handrub practices for preventing nosocomial infection in hospital intensive care units: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    2020
    Bello S, Bamgboye E, Ajayi D, Ossai E, Aniwada E, Salawu M, Fawole O

    Background: Healthcare associated infections (HCAIs) affect the quality of care and are the most frequent adverse consequences of health care worldwide. Hand hygiene is considered to be the most effective tool in HCAI control. Vigorous handwashing for 40-60 seconds, or the use of alcohol hand rub before and after every patient contact is recommended ...

  9. Poster Evidence-based decision making for health policy in HIRA

    2020
    Baek SJ, Seo JY, Lee SM, Bae JW, Seo KH, Kim HO

    Background: The Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service(HIRA) is the organization in South Korea that is responsible for the benefit claims review, quality assessment, and the setting and management of benefit standards of the National Health Insurance System. Gastric cancer is the most common malignancy in Korea, and fluorodeoxyglucose(FDG)-positron ...

  10. Oral The use of Cochrane reviews to inform clinical recommendations in the Danish National Clinical Guideline development

    2020
    Korfitsen CB, Kirkegaard Mikkelsen M, Händel MN, Ussing A, Walker C, Rohde JF, Andersen HK, Tarp S

    Background: The purpose of the guidelines from the Danish Health Authority is to support evidence-based clinical decision-making. This is done by using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach with a maximum of 10 outcomes per question (between one and three critical outcomes). The GRADE approach recommends ...

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