Reporting Bias in Imaging Diagnostic Accuracy Research: Update on Recent Evidence

Tags: Oral
Frank RA1, Cherpak L1, Treanor L2, Dehmoobad Sharifabadi A2, Korevaar D3, McGrath TA1, Salameh JP4, Bossuyt PMM3, McInnes MDF5
1Department of Radiology, University of Ottawa, 2Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, 3Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Public Health Research Institute, University of Amsterdam, 4Department of Medical Imaging, The Ottawa Hospital | Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, 5Department of Radiology, University of Ottawa | Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

BACKGROUND: Reporting bias occurs when research dissemination – such as publication (publication bias), time-to-publication (time-lag bias) or citation rate (citation bias) – is influenced by the magnitude and direction of findings. Understanding the impact of reporting bias in imaging diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) research could inform policy on evaluating publication bias in DTA systematic reviews.

OBJECTIVES: To summarize findings from recent evaluations of reporting bias in imaging DTA research.


Summarized in Table 1.

Publication Bias:

We evaluated 405 abstracts of DTA primary research presented at the Radiological Society of North America meeting. Multivariable logistic regression revealed an odds ratio of 3.6 [95%CI 1.9-6.7, p